Tate & Lyle
Carst and Walker
Android KitKat

Android KitKat unveiled in Google surprise move

Google is calling the next version of its mobile operating system Android KitKat. The news comes as a surprise as the firm had previously indicated version 4.4 of the operating system would be Key Lime Pie – but the decision to brand the software with the name of Nestlé’s famous chocolate bar is likely to be seen as a marketing coup for the Swiss food-bev giant.

Google told the BBC that it had come up with the idea and that neither side was paying the other. “This is not a money-changing-hands kind of deal,” John Lagerling, director of Android global partnerships, said.

Instead, he said, the idea was to do something “fun and unexpected”.

However, one branding expert warned there were potential pitfalls to such a deal.

“If your brand is hooked up with another, you inevitably become associated with that other brand, for good or ill,” said Simon Myers, a partner at the consultancy Prophet.

“If that brand or business has some reputational issues that emerge, it would be naive to think as a brand owner that your good name, your brand equity, would not be affected.”

Since 2009, Google and its partners in the Open Handset Alliance have codenamed each Android release after a type of generic sweet treat, with major updates progressing a letter along the alphabet.

Previous versions have been called Cupcake, Donut, Eclair, Froyo (short for frozen yoghurt), Gingerbread, Honeycomb, Ice Cream Sandwich and Jelly Bean.

Although the developers had referred to the forthcoming version as KLP in internal documents, Lagerling said the team decided late last year to opt instead for the chocolate bar.

“We realised that very few people actually know the taste of a key lime pie,” he explained. “One of the snacks that we keep in our kitchen for late-night coding are KitKats. And someone said: ‘Hey, why don’t we call the release KitKat?’

“We didn’t even know which company controlled the name, and we thought that [the choice] would be difficult. But then we thought well why not, and we decided to reach out to the Nestlé folks.”

Lagerling said he had made a “cold call” to the switchboard of Nestlé’s UK advertising agency at the end of November to propose the tie-up.

The next day, the Swiss firm invited him to take part in a conference call. Nestlé confirmed the deal just 24 hours later.

“Very frankly, we decided within an hour to say let’s do it,” Patrice Bula, Nestlé’s marketing chief told the BBC.

Bula acknowledges there were risks involved – for example, if the new OS proved to be crash-prone or particularly vulnerable to malware it could cause collateral damage to KitKat’s brand.

“Maybe I’ll be fired,” he joked. “When you try to lead a new way of communicating and profiling a brand you always have a higher risk than doing something much more traditional. You can go round the swimming pool 10 times wondering if the water is cold or hot or you say: ‘Let’s jump.'”

He adds that the branding partnership is the company’s latest move in its ambition to leverage digital technology and online content to get closer to its consumers to better understand and cater to their preferences.

Earlier this year, Nestlé acquired its first-ever piece of online content property, the Petfinder website in the US. The online database, which links prospective adopters with adoptable pets, is visited by more than 100 million people per annum.

Secret story

Executives from the two firms met face to face at a secret event held at Mobile World Congress in Barcelona in February to finalise the details.

To promote the alliance, Nestlé now plans to deliver more than 50 million chocolate bars featuring the Android mascot to shops in 19 markets, including the UK, US, Brazil, India, Japan, South Africa and Russia.

The packaging had to be produced in advance over the past two months. But despite the scale of the operation, the two firms managed to keep the story a secret,

“Keeping it confidential was paramount to Google’s strategy,” acknowledges Bula. “Absolutely nothing leaked.”

The Android team also took steps to preserve the element of surprise, notifying only a “tight team” about the decision.

Android KitKat statues
TWINS: Giant Android KitKat statues outside Nestlé’s headquarters in Vevey, Switzerland (left) and Google’s Mountain View, California campus.

“We kept calling the name Key Lime Pie internally and even when we referred to it with partners,” revealed Lagerling. “If we had said, ‘The K release is, by the way, secret’, then people would have racked their minds trying to work out what it was going to be.”

Most Google employees will have learned of the news only when a statue of the Android mascot made out of KitKats was unveiled at the firm’s Mountain View, California, campus.

“A lot of things, especially in tech nowadays, become public before they are officially supposed to be,” said Lagerling. “I think it’s going to a big surprise for a lot of people, including Googlers.”

Source: BBC, Nestlé

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